Digging into the Torah can sometimes uncover things not visible from a surface read.
At a recent Shabbat service, Bill Patton, one of the Tabernacle of David teachers, spoke on Torah, haftarah, and New Testament. As he dug deeper into these texts, he showed a hidden meaning within the “Seven Spirits of God” mentioned in the Tenakh and in the New Testament. He showed how the Tenakh’s explanation of aspects of God’s Spirit can be viewed as a chiastic structure.
A chiastic structure is a literary device seen in ancient literature that builds up to a major point and resolves in reverse order. One example is from the Flood narrative in the Torah:
In his Torah teaching, ToD teacher Bill Patton digs into the text of the New Testament and the Hebrew prophets regarding the 7 Spirits of God. Supplementing the prophets with understanding from book of Proverbs, Bill uncovers a chiastic structure surrounding the 7 Spirits of God.
After showing the 7 Spirits of God viewed as a chiastic structure, Bill then goes on to link these aspects of God’s spirit to the 7 days of creation.
Below are Bill’s notes, along with the images demonstrating the chiastic structure. Enjoy, fine Tabernaclers.
The Seven Spirits of God
They are mentioned four times in Revelation, 1:4, 3:1, 4:5 and 5:6
Once in Isaiah, 11:2
But a branch will emerge from the trunk of Yishai,
a shoot will grow from his roots.
2 The Spirit of Adonai will rest on him,
the Spirit of wisdom and understanding,
the Spirit of counsel and power,
the Spirit of knowledge and fearing Adonai —
3 he will be inspired by fearing Adonai.
He will not judge by what his eyes see
or decide by what his ears hear,
4 but he will judge the impoverished justly;
he will decide fairly for the humble of the land.
He will strike the land with a rod from his mouth
and slay the wicked with a breath from his lips.
5 Justice will be the belt around his waist,
faithfulness the sash around his hips.
The spirits are:
Spirit of Adonai Ruach Adonai רוּחַ יְהֹוָה
Wisdom Chakmah חָכְמָה
Understanding Binah בִּינָה
Counsel Etzah עֵצָה
Power Gevurah גְּבוּרָה
Knowledge Daat דָּ֫עַת
Spirit of Reverence Yirat Adonai ירְאַת יְהֹוָה
(fear of the Lord)
Chiastic Structure of the Spirits of Adonai
- Spirit of Adonai
- Reverence (fear)
Equating Wisdom and Reverence (fear), and Understanding and Knowledge
10 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of wisdom: and the knowledge of the holy is understanding.
Equating Counsel and Power
14 “Counsel is mine and sound wisdom;
I am understanding, power is mine.
So – it seems we can indeed make the chiastic pairings of the Sprits of Adonai!
Chiastic Spirit of Adonai, Creation and the Feasts
|Day of Creation||Sprit||Action||Yamim Tovim|
|1||Wisdom||Creation of heavens and earth||Pesach|
|2||Understanding||Division of waters||Chag HaMatzah|
|4||Ruach Adonai||Governing lights, sun and moon||Shavuot|
|5||Power||Sea and air life||Yom Teruah|
|6||Knowledge||Creation of man||Yom Kippur|
Pesach – creation of nation of Israel from slavery in Egypt
Mirror of creation of the heavens and earth
Unleavened Bread – Divided from sin by eating the bread of truth, chametz is separated from us
For a child will be born to us, a son will be given to us;
And the government will [i]rest on His shoulders;
And His name will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God,
Eternal Father, Prince of Peace.
Day 3 – 3 is sign of Messiah, a sign of Life
Firstfruits – First life!
Etzah – though from a different word root, is similar to Etz – tree.
Shavuot is when the Torah was given at Sinai, and the Spirit to the believers – “guiding lights”
Yom Teruah, expansion of the Kingdom
Return of the King
Yom Kippur – books are opened, deeds revealed. Judgment
Sukkot – dwelling with God, millennial reign